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- PublicationAccès libreParenthetical verbs as a challenge for discourse unitsOur paper deals with some French parentheticals verbs called incise de discours rapporté (IDR). Our purpose is to show how two models of discourse structure, one representing discourse units in a praxeological framework involving syntax and prosody (the macro-syntactic approach of the Groupe de Fribourg 2012), the other in an modular framework which give primacy to hierarchical organization (the modular approach of Roulet & al. 2001), can shed light on these tricking constructions because of their seemingly ambivalence between syntax and discourse. Both models highlight that the dependency the IDR maintains with the reported clause is of discursive nature, while showing different properties of these constructions: their praxeological functioning on the one hand, and their dialogical organization at the hierarchical level on the other.
- PublicationAccès libreExclamatives échoïques : rendement fonctionnel et réalisations prosodiquesOur paper presents a semantic and prosodic analysis of exclamative utterances such as « Moi, me railler de vous ? » in this excerpt of Molière’s Dom Juan : CHARLOTTE. – Monsieur, cela vous plaît à dire, et je ne sais pas si c’est pour vous railler de moi. DOM JUAN. – Moi, me railler de vous ? Dieu m’en garde ! Je vous aime trop pour cela, et c’est du fond du coeur que je vous parle. (Molière, Dom Juan, 1673) This structure, better known in English as « Mad Magazine sentence » (« What, me worry ? » ; see Akmajian 1984), is made of a disjunctive pronoun and an infinitive verb phrase. It is optionally followed by a refutative segment (« Dieu m’en garde ! » in the excerpt above). We show first that our structure consists in a syntactic pattern that can be realised in several ways. Our paper deals then with the pragmatic effects of the structure, its polyphonic nature, its negative orientation and its exclamative value. In the last part of the paper, we study prosodic properties of the structure when performed by stage actors. We attempt to relate the prosodic realisations of the structure with its pragmatic purposes. Our structure being very much used in theatre repertoire, our data come mostly from plays from French literature database Frantext.