Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 356
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    How Transnational are Migrants in Switzerland? An Analysis of the Migration-Mobility-Transnationality Nexus
    (2019)
    Crettaz
    ;
    Transnational studies have been in vogue for the past two decades. Nevertheless, there remain important knowledge gaps concerning migrants’ transnational formations. First, most of the literature relies on qualitative case studies. The few existing quantitative studies have shown that transnationality is far from being a “lifestyle” and that factors other than individual preferences are at play. Second, most studies in this field focus on one nationally defined group, which renders impossible the elaboration of an overall model of transnationality that goes beyond description. Third, few studies have tried to link the question of transnationality simultaneously to migration and mobility. To address these gaps, we propose here an analysis of migrant transnationality based on the Migration-Mobility Survey. We define transnationality along three dimensions. We make a distinction between transnational (pre-and-post-migration) mobilities, network transnationality and transnational belonging. We use regression models and multiple correspondence analysis to identify the prevalence of transnationality and the main determinants of transnational patterns. The analysis confirms the hypothesis that transnationality can be linear – an “automatic effect” of migration – resource-dependent, but also reactive upon discrimination. Migrant transnationality can simultaneously be a sign of possessing high resources – most importantly, in terms of legal capital, education and economic resources – or of discrimination. Furthermore, our analysis brings to light five ideal-typical configurations of what we call the Migration-Mobility-Transnationality Nexus. Our analysis contributes to this book by investigating the Migration-Mobility-Nexus with respect to transnationality, going beyond the normative ideas of migration and mobility by integrating them analytically into one model.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Transnationalism Reloaded: The Historical Trajectory of a Concept
    (2017-6-5)
    In this commentary, I discuss the importance of Portes, Guarnizo and Landolt’s article, focusing on three specific points. First, I argue that this 1999 article represented a turning point in transnational migration studies, in that it made it possible to address important weaknesses in this field of study. Second, I reflect on the article’s lack of reference to the nation-state and its power to shape transnational fields. Third, I argue that the cumulative knowledge gained over the last two decades – triggered in part by the claims of this 1999 article – have been steadily integrated into this field of investigation, rendering possible important theoretical alterations. These insights have made possible a shift towards a new stance, a transnational perspective whose specific epistemology makes it possible to develop explanatory frameworks for current transformation processes and to revise social theory more generally.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Naturalisation: Immersion dans la fabrique des Suisse·sse·s
    (Zurich et Genève: Éditions Seismo, 2022) ; ;
    Ragusa, Francesco
    ;
    Raboud-Schüle, Isabelle
    ;
    Rossier, Serge
    ;
    Dutoit, Christophe
    Qui décide selon quels critères on peut devenir suisse? Quels sont les imaginaires de suissitude mobilisés dans le cadre de la naturalisation? Pourquoi la politique de naturalisation suisse est-elle si restrictive en comparaison internationale? Ces questions sont abordées dans l’exposition Naturalisation, développée conjointement par le Musée gruérien et l’Université de Neuchâtel. En mêlant reconstitutions, documentation ethnographique et photographique, l’exposition décortique la procédure de naturalisation en Gruyère ainsi que la symbolique associée. Elle permet ainsi au public de vivre l’expérience des candidat·e·s à la naturalisation et de découvrir le point de vue des décideur·euse·s, tout en étant invité·e à poser un regard réflexif sur le système de naturalisation mis en place par les autorités. Cet ouvrage est le catalogue de l’exposition. Dans une première partie, il propose différents cadrages et approfondissements par le biais d’essais de spécialistes issus des sciences sociales, du monde muséal et de la photographie. La deuxième partie présente les réflexions abordées dans l’exposition et une documentation de la procédure de naturalisation sous la forme d’images et de documents ethnographique. À la fois documentaire et réflexive, cette publication est une contribution scientifique et artistique au débat sociétal sur la naturalisation et la place donnée aux diversités en Suisse. Auteurs/editeurs Anne Kristol (1987) est anthropologue, formée aux Université de Fribourg, Neuchâtel et Nova-Lisbonne. À la fois chercheuse en sciences sociales et manager culturelle, elle a assumé le rôle de commissaire pour l’exposition « naturalisation ». Dans le cadre du nccr – on the move, ses recherches portent sur la mise en œuvre des politiques de citoyenneté et les dynamiques d’inclusion et d’exclusion dans le cadre de la naturalisation. Dans le domaine culturel, elle a travaillé depuis 2009 à la mise en place et coordination de différents projets, notamment dans le cadre du Belluard Bollwerk International, avec la chorégraphe Sofia Silva, ou pour la Régie culturelle de la Ville de Fribourg. Janine Dahinden est professeure d'études transnationales, directrice de la MAPS (Maison d'analyse des processus sociaux) et cheffe de projet dans le nccr-on the move, à l’Université de Neuchâtel. Elle s'intéresse dans ses recherches à la compréhension des processus de mobilité, de migration, de transnationalisation et de création de frontières, et à leur production simultanée d'inégalités liées à l'ethnicité, à la racialisation, la classe, la religion ou le genre. Francesco Ragusa est né en 1979 à Fribourg où il vit et travaille en tant que photographe professionnel. Spécialiste de la photo d’architecture, de la reproduction de tableaux et d’objets, il exerce en tant qu’indépendant et pour le Musée d’art et d’histoire de Fribourg. Au-delà de ses mandats architecturaux et de la photographie muséale, il développe des projets personnels pour lesquels il développe un regard documentaire original mis en valeur par diverses publications et expositions. Son intérêt pour les espaces construits et sociaux l’amène à renouveler constamment sa pratique photographique qui se trouve en équilibre entre la rigueur et l’audace. Contributions de Janine Dahinden, Christophe Dutoit, Anne Kristol, Isabelle Raboud-Schüle, Francesco Ragusa, Serge Rossier.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in pericardial fluid for postmortem diagnosis of sepsis
    (2012)
    Schrag, Bettina
    ;
    ;
    Mangin, Patrice
    ;
    Palmiere, Cristian
    The aim of this study was to investigate the presence and concentrations of procalcitonin and C-reactive protein in pericardial fluid and compare these levels to those found in the postmortem serum obtained from the femoral blood. Two groups were formed, a sepsis-related fatalities group and a control group. Postmortem native CT scans, autopsies, histology, neuropathology and toxicology as well as other postmortem biochemistry investigations were performed in all cases. Pericardial fluid procalcitonin levels were significantly different between the cases of sepsis-related fatalities and those of the control group. Postmortem serum procalcitonin levels below the detection limit were also reflected in undetectable pericardial fluid levels. Similarly, a large increase in postmortem serum procalcitonin levels was reflected in a large increase of procalcitonin pericardial fluid levels. Based on these findings, pericardial fluid could be an alternative to postmortem serum for the determination of procalcitonin levels in cases where postmortem serum is not available and measurements of procalcitonin are required to circumstantiate the pathogenesis of death.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Pilotprojekt 'Integrationsvereinbarungen' in Ostermundigen: Schlussbericht der externen Evaluation
    (Neuchâtel Schweizerisches Forum für Migrations- und Bevölkerungsstudien & Zentrum für Migrationsrecht, 2012) ;
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Switzerland
    (Wiley Online Library: Stone, John Rutledge, Dennis Rizova, Polly Smith, Anthony, 2016)
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Cidadãos Estrangeiros em Duas Prisões na Suíça: Vida Prisional, Reabilitação, e Destino Pós-reclusão
    (Lisboa: Editora Noventa Graus, 2008)
    Hostettler, Ueli
    ;
    ;
    Da Cunha, Manuela P.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Transnational mobility among early-career academics: gendered aspects of negotiations and arrangements within heterosexual couples
    Today, transnational mobility is often presented as indispensable for a successful academic career. This institutionalisation of transnational mobility for young academics has important effects in (re)producing or transforming gender inequalities. Building on the results of a qualitative study conducted at three universities – Zurich (Switzerland), UCLA (USA), and Cambridge (UK) – this paper examines the mobility experiences of early-career academics and their partners and seeks to understand the mechanisms underlying mobility patterns, including the ways in which they are gendered. Drawing on three case studies, this paper focuses on the gendered negotiations and arrangements of mobile couples. Each case study represents a different ideal-typical pattern of how gender is entangled with mobility. We show how gender is ‘done’ and ‘undone’ by the academics and their partners throughout these mobility trajectories, and how these couples’ negotiations and practices are closely entangled with gender representations that are structurally anchored in labour markets and discursively expressed within the wider social environment. As such, this paper not only contributes to the academic literature by shedding light on a particular type of gendered highly skilled mobility, but also questions the dichotomy between economic men and social and cultural women sometimes reproduced in studies on highly skilled migration. Furthermore, the findings challenge earlier studies that suggest a causal link between mobility and the leaky pipeline by showing that important transformations with regard to gender relations are occurring and that mobility does not inevitably reinforce conventional gender practices.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Ausländische Strafgefangene zwischen Resozialisierung und Wegweisung
    (Bern: Stämpfli, 2014) ;
    Achermann, Alberto
    ;
    ;
    Caroni, Martina
    ;
    Epiney, Astrid
    ;
    Kälin, Walter
    ;
    Uebersax, Peter