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- PublicationAccès libreSpatiotemporal reconstruction of gaps in multivariate fields using the direct sampling approach(2012-1-10)
; ;McCabe, Matthew F.
- PublicationAccès libreTruncated plurigaussian simulations to characterize aquifer heterogeneity(2009-1-10)
; ; ;Jaquet, Olivier
- PublicationAccès libre
- PublicationAccès libreAnalog-based meandering channel simulation(2014-1-10)
; ;Comunian, Alessandro ;Irarrazaval, Inigo
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementCollocated co-simulation using probability aggregation(2008)
; ;Froidevaux, Roland
- PublicationAccès libre
- PublicationAccès libreSimulation of rainfall time series from different climatic regions using the direct sampling techniqueThe direct sampling technique, belonging to the family of multiple-point statistics, is proposed as a nonparametric alternative to the classical autoregressive and Markovchain-based models for daily rainfall time-series simulation. The algorithm makes use of the patterns contained inside the training image (the past rainfall record) to reproduce the complexity of the signal without inferring its prior statistical model: the time series is simulated by sampling the training data set where a sufficiently similar neighborhood exists. The advantage of this approach is the capability of simulating complex statistical relations by respecting the similarity of the patterns at different scales. The technique is applied to daily rainfall records from different climate settings, using a standard setup and without performing any optimization of the parameters. The results show that the overall statistics as well as the dry/wet spells patterns are simulated accurately. Also the extremes at the higher temporal scale are reproduced adequately, reducing the well known problem of overdispersion.
- PublicationAccès libreThe Direct Sampling method to perform multiple-point geostatistical simulationsMultiple-point geostatistics is a general statistical framework to model spatial fields displaying a wide range of complex structures. In particular, it allows controlling connectivity patterns that have a critical importance for groundwater flow and transport problems. This approach involves considering data events (spatial arrangements of values) derived from a training image (TI). All data events found in the TI are usually stored in a database, which is used to retrieve conditional probabilities for the simulation. Instead, we propose to sample directly the training image for a given data event, making the database unnecessary. Our method is statistically equivalent to previous implementations, but in addition it allows extending the application of multiple-point geostatistics to continuous variables and to multivariate problems. The method can be used for the simulation of geological heterogeneity, accounting or not for indirect observations such as geophysics. We show its applicability in the presence of complex features, nonlinear relationships between variables, and with various cases of nonstationarity. Computationally, it is fast, easy to parallelize, parsimonious in memory needs, and straightforward to implement.
- PublicationAccès libreTruncated Plurigaussian Simulations to Characterize Aquifer Heterogeneity(2009)
; ; ;Jacquet, OlivierIntegrating geological concepts, such as relative positions and proportions of the different lithofacies, is of highest importance in order to render realistic geological patterns. The truncated plurigaussian simulation method provides a way of using both local and conceptual geological information to infer the distributions of the facies and then those of hydraulic parameters. The method (Le Loc'h and Galli 1994) is based on the idea of truncating at least two underlying multi-Gaussian simulations in order to create maps of categorical variable. In this article, we show how this technique can be used to assess contaminant migration in highly heterogeneous media. We illustrate its application on the biggest contaminated site of Switzerland. It consists of a contaminant plume located in the lower fresh water Molasse on the western Swiss Plateau. The highly heterogeneous character of this formation calls for efficient stochastic methods in order to characterize transport processes.
- PublicationAccès libreIntegrating collocated auxiliary parameters in geostatistical simulations using joint probability distributions and probability aggregation(2009)
; ;Froidevaux, RolandWe propose a new cosimulation algorithm for simulating a primary attribute using one or several secondary attributes known exhaustively on the domain. This problem is frequently encountered in surface and groundwater hydrology when a variable of interest is measured only at a discrete number of locations and when the secondary variable is mapped by indirect techniques such as geophysics or remote sensing. In the proposed approach, the correlation between the two variables is modeled by a joint probability distribution function. A technique to construct such relation using underlying variables and physical laws is proposed when field data are insufficient. The simulation algorithm proceeds sequentially. At each location of the domain, two conditional probability distribution functions (cpdf) are inferred. The cpdf of the main attribute is inferred in a classical way from the neighboring data and a model of spatial variability. The second cpdf is inferred directly from the joint probability distribution function of the two attributes and the value of the secondary attribute at the location to be simulated. The two distribution functions are combined by probability aggregation to obtain the local cpdf from which a value for the primary attribute is randomly drawn. Various examples using synthetic and remote sensing data demonstrate that the method is more accurate than the classical collocated cosimulation technique when a complex relation relates the two attributes.
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