- Schilt, Stephane

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# Schilt, Stephane

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Schilt, Stephane

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stephane.schilt@unine.ch

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- PublicationMétadonnées seulement
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementUltra-stable microwave generation with a diode-pumped solid-state laser in the 1.5-?m range(2013)
; ; ; ; ;Grop, Serge ;Dubois, Benoît ;Giordano, VincentMontrer plus - PublicationMétadonnées seulementFrequency Noise and Linewidth of Mid-infrared Continuous-Wave Quantum Cascade Lasers: An Overview(Bellingham, WA: SPIE Press, 2013)
; ; ; Montrer plus - PublicationMétadonnées seulementActive linewidth-narrowing of a mid-infrared quantum cascade laser without optical reference(2013)
; ; ;Hofstetter, DMontrer plus - PublicationAccès libreImpact of water vapor on 1.51 um ammonia absorption features in trace gas sensing applications(2010-8-1)
Montrer plus Water-vapor-induced pressure broadening is reported for two NH3 absorption features at 6612.7 and 6596.4 cm^-1 that are exploitable for gas sensing applications at atmospheric pressure. Absorption spectra of different NH3–H2O–N2 mixtures were measured at an elevated temperature of 70°C to enable high H2O concentrations to be reached. Line parameters were determined from a fitting procedure. The significantly greater values obtained for the H2O-broadening coefficients of the two lines compared to N2-broadening leads to cross-sensitivity effects in NH3 trace gas sensors based on spectroscopic techniques that are sensitive to the width of the analyzed absorption line, as is the case in a simple implementation of wavelength modulation spectroscopy or in photoacoustic spectroscopy. In such a case, cross-sensitivity results in inaccurate gas concentration retrieval when the composition of the diluting gas changes. H2O represents a potentially significant cross-sensitivity source as its concentration may be subject to large variations, especially in high-temperature applications where concentrations up to a couple of tens of percent may be encountered. In contrast to interference which can be minimized by an appropriate choice of the analyzed transitions, cross-sensitivity affects the entire spectrum of the analyte and is thus unavoidable in the mentioned type of gas sensors.Montrer plus - PublicationAccès libreExperimental Validation of a Simple Approximation to Determine the Linewidth of a Laser from its Frequency Noise Spectrum(2012-7-2)
; ; ; ; ; Montrer plus Laser frequency fluctuations can be characterized either comprehensively by the frequency noise spectrum or in a simple but incomplete manner by the laser linewidth. A formal relation exists to calculate the linewidth from the frequency noise spectrum, but it is laborious to apply in practice. We recently proposed a much simpler geometrical approximation applicable to any arbitrary frequency noise spectrum. Here we present an experimental validation of this approximation using laser sources of different spectral characteristics. For each of them, we measured both the frequency noise spectrum to calculate the approximate linewidth and the actual linewidth directly. We observe a very good agreement between the approximate and directly measured linewidths over a broad range of values (from kilohertz to megahertz) and for significantly different laser line shapes.Montrer plus - PublicationAccès libreLinewidth of a quantum cascade laser assessed from its frequency noise spectrum and impact of the current driver(2012-4-21)
; ; ; ; ; Montrer plus We report on the measurement of the frequency noise properties of a 4.6-μm distributed-feedback quantum-cascade laser (QCL) operating in continuous wave near room temperature using a spectroscopic set-up. The flank of the R(14) ro-vibrational absorption line of carbon monoxide at 2196.6 cm^−1 is used to convert the frequency fluctuations of the laser into intensity fluctuations that are spectrally analyzed. We evaluate the influence of the laser driver on the observed QCL frequency noise and show how only a low-noise driver with a current noise density below ≈1 nA/√Hz allows observing the frequency noise of the laser itself, without any degradation induced by the current source. We also show how the laser FWHM linewidth, extracted from the frequency noise spectrum using a simple formula, can be drastically broadened at a rate of ≈1.6 MHz/(nA/√Hz) for higher current noise densities of the driver. The current noise of commercial QCL drivers can reach several nA/√Hz , leading to a broadening of the linewidth of our QCL of up to several megahertz. To remedy this limitation, we present a low-noise QCL driver with only 350 pA/√Hz current noise, which is suitable to observe the ≈550 kHz linewidth of our QCL.Montrer plus - PublicationMétadonnées seulementEffect of the carrier-envelope-offset dynamics on the stabilization of a diode-pumped solid-state frequency comb(2012)
; ; ;Stumpf, Max; ; ;Keller, Ursula; Montrer plus - PublicationAccès libreSimple approach to the relation between laser frequency noise and laser line shape(2010-8-30)
; ; Montrer plus Frequency fluctuations of lasers cause a broadening of their line shapes. Although the relation between the frequency noise spectrum and the laser line shape has been studied extensively, no simple expression exists to evaluate the laser linewidth for frequency noise spectra that does not follow a power law. We present a simple approach to this relation with an approximate formula for evaluation of the laser linewidth that can be applied to arbitrary noise spectral densities.Montrer plus - PublicationAccès libreFrequency noise of free-running 4.6 um distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers near room temperature(2011-8-10)
; ; ; ; ;Faist, J.; Montrer plus The frequency noise properties of commercial distributed feedback quantum cascade lasers emitting in the 4.6 um range and operated in cw mode near room temperature (277K) are presented. The measured frequency noise power spectral density reveals a flicker noise dropping down to the very low level of <100 Hz2/Hz at 10 MHz Fourier frequency and is globally a factor of 100 lower than data recently reported for a similar laser operated at cryogenic temperature. This makes our laser a good candidate for the realization of a mid-IR ultranarrow linewidth reference.Montrer plus

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