Full stabilization and characterization of an optical frequency comb from a diode-pumped solid-state laser with GHz repetition rate
Wittwer, Valentin J
Mayer, Aline S
Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2017/25/17/20437-20453
We demonstrate the first self-referenced full stabilization of a diode-pumped solid-state laser (DPSSL) frequency comb with a GHz repetition rate. The Yb:CALGO DPSSL delivers an average output power of up to 2.1 W with a typical pulse duration of 96 fs and a center wavelength of 1055 nm. A carrier-envelope offset (CEO) beat with a signal-to-noise ratio of 40 dB (in 10-kHz resolution bandwidth) is detected after supercontinuum generation and <i>ƒ</i>-to-2<i>ƒ</i> interferometry directly from the output of the oscillator, without any external amplification or pulse compression. The repetition rate is stabilized to a reference synthesizer with a residual integrated timing jitter of 249 fs [10 Hz – 1 MHz] and a relative frequency stability of 10<sup>−12</sup>/s. The CEO frequency is phase-locked to an external reference via pump current feedback using home-built modulation electronics. It achieves a loop bandwidth of ∼150 kHz, which results in a tight CEO lock with a residual integrated phase noise of 680 mrad [1 Hz – 1 MHz]. We present a detailed characterization of the GHz frequency comb that combines a noise analysis of the repetition rate <i>ƒ</i><sub>rep</sub>, of the CEO frequency <i>ƒ</i><sub>CEO</sub>, and of an optical comb line at 1030 nm obtained from a virtual beat with a narrow-linewidth laser at 1557 nm using a transfer oscillator. An optical comb linewidth of about 800 kHz is assessed at 1-s observation time, for which the dominant noise sources of <i>ƒ</i><sub>rep</sub> and <i>ƒ</i><sub>CEO</sub> are identified.
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