Th2 polarization of the immune response of BALB/c mice to <i>Ixodes ricinus</i> instars, importance of several antigens in activation of specific Th2 subpopulations
Date de parution
Parasite Immunology, Blackwell, 2001/23/2/61-69
BALB/c mice were infested with Ixodes ricinus larvae, nymphs or adults. Expression of IL-4 and IFN-γ mRNA in axillary and brachial draining lymph node cells were measured by competitive quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction 9 days after the beginning of primary-infestation. IL-4 mRNA was always higher than that of IFN-γ mRNA for all tick instars. Moreover, IL-4 mRNA expression progressively increased during nymphal primary-infestation with a high burst of expression 7 days after the beginning of infestation. No evolution of IFN-γ mRNA expression was detected. Draining lymph node cells of infested BALB/c produced higher level of IL-4 than IFN-γ following in vitro restimulation with adult tick saliva, salivary gland extract (SGE) or with five selected different chromatographic fractions of SGE. Anti-tick IgG1 antibodies but no IgG2a were detected in BALB/c pluri-infested with I. ricinus nymphs, which confirmed the Th2 polarization of the immune response.
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Resource Types::text::journal::journal article
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