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- PublicationMétadonnées seulementDialogical ethnography(London: Routledge, 2020)In this chapter, a hybrid methodology for the study of group interactions is outlined. The method is suited for the problematization of social categories (e.g., gender, ethnicity, and race) in the research process. The ethnographic approach is reframed within a sociocultural perspective and thus called dialogical ethnography. Because dialogical theory and analysis are key elements in sociocultural theory, the ethical and procedural aspects of the analysis are derived from dialogism. It is an exploratory methodology for qualitative analysis and involves the construction of a data corpus from theoretically informed participant observations. The three-step-process for analysis consists of: (1) describing the social as crystallization of social categories, (2) identifying different voices in interactions around the topic, with a focus on how agreements are reached, and disagreements resolved, and (3) tracing regularities and strategies as patterns, which speak to iterative aspects of the group and people’s way of engaging with the world. Built from a sociocultural approach, it allows understanding different forms and configurations of people’s interactions. This qualitative method can be used in dialogical case studies and in multi/mixed-method designs as a way to understand social categories as they appear and are negotiated in interaction. This allows addressing the naturalization and invisibilization of the constructed nature of social categories.
- PublicationAccès libreNorms(Switzerland: Springer Nature, 2020)Norms can be defined as sets of relations that define forms of communicating, feeling, act- ing, and thinking. They define what is allowed and what is not allowed to be said, felt, done, or thought. They are situational and relationally negotiated. Usually described in terms of their functions (descriptive, constitutive, prescrip- tive), the term commonly designates prescrip- tive guides. Norms can be more or less explicit, more or less prescriptive, and be more or less opposed and resisted. Authors mostly agree on the fundamental character of norms for human life. Operating at a collective and a psycholog- ical level, they guide and constrain human lives. And although sometimes viewed as lim- iting possibilities rather than creating them, they can be seen as producing a certain set of possibilities and transformed through our engagement with them in our relations to others.
- PublicationAccès libreDaydreamingDaydreaming can be defined as the process by which we partly or fully decouple from what seems to be one’s current activity in the world. It usually designates “anything one may be thinking about that does not pertain to the task in which one is currently involved” (Pereira and Diriwächter, 2008). Occurring within our flow of consciousness, it entails fantasy or a form of diurnal dreaming. Daydreaming can be more or less deliberate, have more or less clear goals, be more or less structured, and have diverse types of outcomes. Authors usually distinguish daydreams that may enrich people’s relation to themselves, or their relation to the world, from those which seem not to enrich experiences. Most authors admit that daydreaming participates to our capacity to deal with our experiences and opens up new possibilities.