Liquid-Crystalline Bisadducts of Fullerene
Atienza Castellanos, Carmen
Guldi, Dirk M.
Date de parution
The Journal of Organic Chemistry (JOC), American Chemical Society (ACS), 2006/71/20/7603–7610
A second-generation cyanobiphenyl-based dendrimer was used as a liquid-crystalline promoter to synthesize mesomorphic bisadducts of fullerene. Liquid-crystalline <i>trans</i>-2, <i>trans</i>-3, and equatorial bisadducts were obtained by condensation of the liquid-crystalline promoter, which carries a carboxylic acid function, with the corresponding bisaminofullerene derivatives. A monoadduct of fullerene was also prepared for comparative purposes. All the compounds gave rise to smectic A phases. An additional mesophase, which could not be identified, was observed for the <i>trans</i>-2 derivative. The supramolecular organization of the monoadduct derivative is governed by steric constraints. Indeed, for efficient space filling, adequacy between the cross-sectional areas of fullerene (∼100 Å<sup>2</sup>) and of the mesogenic groups (∼22−25 Å<sup>2</sup> per mesogenic group) is required. As a consequence, the monoadduct forms a bilayered smectic A phase. The supramolecular organization of the bisadducts is essentially governed by the nature and structure of the mesogenic groups and dendritic core. Therefore, the bisadducts form monolayered smectic A phases. The title compounds are promising supramolecular materials as they combine the self-organizing behavior of liquid crystals with the properties of fullerene.
Type de publication
Resource Types::text::journal::journal article