Compact microwave cavity for high performance rubidium frequency standards
Review of Scientific Instruments, 2012/83/10/104706-1/8
The design, realization, and characterization of a compact magnetron-type microwave cavity operating with a TE<sub>011</sub>-like mode are presented. The resonator works at the rubidium hyperfine ground-state frequency (i.e., 6.835 GHz) by accommodating a glass cell of 25 mm diameter containing rubidium vapor. Its design analysis demonstrates the limitation of the loop-gap resonator lumped model when targeting such a large cell, thus numerical optimization was done to obtain the required performances. Microwave characterization of the realized prototype confirmed the expected working behavior. Double-resonance and Zeeman spectroscopy performed with this cavity indicated an excellent microwave magnetic field homogeneity: the performance validation of the cavity was done by achieving an excellent short-term clock stability as low as 2.4 × 10<sup>−13</sup><i>τ</i><sup>−1/2</sup>. The achieved experimental results and the compact design make this resonator suitable for applications in portable atomic high-performance frequency standards for both terrestrial and space applications.
Type de publication
Dossier(s) à télécharger