Fullerene-containing liquid-crystalline dendrimers
Date de parution
Journal of Materials Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2001/11//2814 - 2831
Addition reaction of mesomorphic malonate-based dendrimers (up to the fourth generation) with C<sub>60</sub> gave liquid-crystalline fullerene derivatives. The cyanobiphenyl unit was used as liquid-crystalline promoter. The malonates presented nematic and/or smectic A phases. The fullerenes showed only smectic A phases, with the exception of the second generation dendrimer for which smectic A and nematic phases were observed. The supramolecular organization of the fullerene-based molecular units within the smectic A layers was investigated by X-ray diffraction. Two structural regimes were determined. For the low generation dendrimers, the supramolecular organization is determined by steric factors. For the high generation dendrimers, the mesogenic groups impose a microphase organization: due to lateral extension of the branching part of the molecule, the cyanobiphenyl groups arrange in a parallel fashion as in classical smectic A phases, the rest of the macromolecule being located between the mesogenic sublayers.
Type de publication