Role of communication strategies and media discourse in COVID-19 outbreak
Titre du projet
Role of communication strategies and media discourse in COVID-19 outbreak
Enquête par sondage, en deux vagues, au sein de 8 pays (Angleterre, Belgique, Canada, Etats-Unis, Hong Kong, Nouvelle Zélande, Philippines et Suisse) sur la compréhension et la réaction de la population dans le contexte de l’épidémie de Covid-19, et le lien avec les discours des médias et les stratégies de communication mises en place par les autorités.
Date de début
1 Avril 2020
Date de fin
1 Octobre 2021
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- PublicationAccès libreBeliefs in Conspiracy Theories and Misinformation About COVID-19: Comparative Perspectives on the Role of Anxiety, Depression and Exposure to and Trust in Information Sources(2021-5-3)
;Coninck, David D. ;Frissen, Thomas ;Matthijs, Koen ;d’Haenens, Leen ;Lits, Grégoire ;Champagne-Poirier, Olivier ;Carignan, Marie-Eve ;David, Marc D. ; ;Salerno, SébastienGénéreux, MélissaWhile COVID-19 spreads aggressively and rapidly across the globe, many societies have also witnessed the spread of other viral phenomena like misinformation, conspiracy theories, and general mass suspicions about what is really going on. This study investigates how exposure to and trust in information sources, and anxiety and depression, are associated with conspiracy and misinformation beliefs in eight countries/regions (Belgium, Canada, England, Philippines, Hong Kong, New Zealand, United States, Switzerland) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were collected in an online survey fielded from May 29, 2020 to June 12, 2020, resulting in a multinational representative sample of 8,806 adult respondents. Results indicate that greater exposure to traditional media (television, radio, newspapers) is associated with lower conspiracy and misinformation beliefs, while exposure to politicians and digital media and personal contacts are associated with greater conspiracy and misinformation beliefs. Exposure to health experts is associated with lower conspiracy beliefs only. Higher feelings of depression are also associated with greater conspiracy and misinformation beliefs. We also found relevant group- and country differences. We discuss the implications of these results.
- PublicationAccès libreOne Virus, Four Continents, Eight Countries: An Interdisciplinary and International Study on the Psychosocial Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic among Adults(2020-11-13)
;Généreux, Mélissa ;Schluter, Philip J. ;Hung, Kevin K. ;Wong, Chi S. ;O’Sullivan, Tracey ;David, Marc D. ;Carignan, Marie-Eve ;Blouin-Genest, Gabriel ;Champagne-Poirier, Olivier ;Champagne, Eric ;Burlone, Nathalie ;Qadar, Zeeshan ;Herbosa, Teodoro ;Ribeiro-Alves, Gleisse ;Law, Ronald ;Murray, Virginia ;Chan, Emily Y.Y. ; ;Salerno, Sébastien ;Lits, Grégoire ;d’Haenens, Leen ;Coninck, David D. ;Matthys, KoenraadRoy, MathieuThe novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic brought about several features that increased the sense of fear and confusion, such as quarantine and financial losses among other stressors, which may have led to adverse psychosocial outcomes. The influence of such stressors took place within a broader sociocultural context that needs to be considered. The objective was to examine how the psychological response to the pandemic varied across countries and identify which risk/protective factors contributed to this response. An online survey was conducted from 29 May 2020–12 June 2020, among a multinational sample of 8806 adults from eight countries/regions (Canada, United States, England, Switzerland, Belgium, Hong Kong, Philippines, New Zealand). Probable generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depression episode (MDE) were assessed. The independent role of a wide range of potential factors was examined using multilevel logistic regression. Probable GAD and MDE were indicated by 21.0% and 25.5% of the respondents, respectively, with an important variation according to countries/regions (GAD: 12.2–31.0%; MDE: 16.7–32.9%). When considered together, 30.2% of the participants indicated probable GAD or MDE. Several factors were positively associated with a probable GAD or MDE, including (in descending order of importance) weak sense of coherence (SOC), lower age, false beliefs, isolation, threat perceived for oneself/family, mistrust in authorities, stigma, threat perceived for country/world, financial losses, being a female, and having a high level of information about COVID-19. Having a weak SOC yielded the highest adjusted odds ratio for probable GAD or MDE (3.21; 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.73–3.77). This pandemic is having an impact on psychological health. In some places and under certain circumstances, however, people seem to be better protected psychologically. This is a unique opportunity to evaluate the psychosocial impacts across various sociocultural backgrounds, providing important lessons that could inform all phases of disaster risk management.
- PublicationAccès libreThe Evolution in Anxiety and Depression with the Progression of the Pandemic in Adult Populations from Eight Countries and Four Continents(2021-5-1)
;Généreux, Mélissa ;Schluter, Philip J. ;Landaverde, Elsa ;Hung, Kevin K. ;Wong, Chi S. ;Pui Yin Mok, Catherine ;Blouin-Genest, Gabriel ;O’Sullivan, Tracey ;David, Marc D. ;Champagne-Poirier, Olivier ; ;Salerno, Sébastien ;Lits, Grégoire ;d’Haenens, Leen ;Coninck, David D. ;Matthys, Koenraad ;Champagne, Eric ;Burlone, Nathalie ;Qadar, Zeeshan ;Herbosa, Teodoro ;Law, Ronald ;Murray, Virginia ;Chan, Emily Y.Y.Roy, MathieuNearly a year after the classification of the COVID-19 outbreak as a global pandemic, it is clear that different factors have contributed to an increase in psychological disorders, including public health measures that infringe on personal freedoms, growing financial losses, and conflicting messages. This study examined the evolution of psychosocial impacts with the progression of the pandemic in adult populations from different countries and continents, and identified, among a wide range of individual and country-level factors, which ones are contributing to this evolving psychological response. An online survey was conducted in May/June 2020 and in November 2020, among a sample of 17,833 adults (Phase 1: 8806; Phase 2: 9027) from eight countries/regions (Canada, the United States, England, Switzerland, Belgium, Hong Kong, the Philippines, New Zealand). Probable generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive episode (MDE) were assessed. The independent role of potential factors was examined using multilevel logistic regression. Probable GAD or MDE was indicated by 30.1% and 32.5% of the respondents during phases 1 and 2, respectively (a 7.9% increase over time), with an important variation according to countries/regions (range from 22.3% in Switzerland to 38.8% in the Philippines). This proportion exceeded 50% among young adults (18–24 years old) in all countries except for Switzerland. Beyond young age, several factors negatively influenced mental health in times of pandemic; important factors were found, including weak sense of coherence (adjusted odds ratio aOR = 3.89), false beliefs (aOR = 2.33), and self-isolation/quarantine (aOR = 2.01). The world has entered a new era dominated by psychological suffering and rising demand for mental health interventions, along a continuum from health promotion to specialized healthcare. More than ever, we need to innovate and build interventions aimed at strengthening key protective factors, such as sense of coherence, in the fight against the adversity caused by the concurrent pandemic and infodemic.