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- PublicationAccès libreHave a Seat on the ErasureBench: Easy Evaluation of Erasure Coding Libraries for Distributed Storage SystemsWe present ErasureBench, an open-source framework to test and benchmark erasure coding implementations for distributed storage systems under realistic conditions. ErasureBench automatically instantiates and scales a cluster of storage nodes, and can seamlessly leverage existing failure traces. As a first example, we use ErasureBench to compare three coding implementations: a (10,4) Reed-Solomon (RS) code, a (10,6,5) locally repairable code (LRC), and a partition of the data source in ten pieces without error-correction. Our experiments show that LRC and RS codes require the same repair throughput when used with small storage nodes, since cluster and network management traffic dominate at this regime. With large storage nodes, read and write traffic increases and our experiments confirm the theoretical and practical tradeoffs between the storage overhead and repair bandwidth of RS and LRC codes.
- PublicationAccès libreSGX-FS: Hardening a File System in User-Space with Intel SGX
- PublicationAccès libreSafeFS: A Modular Architecture for Secure User-Space File Systems (One FUSE to rule them all)
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementA Performance Evaluation of Erasure Coding Libraries for Cloud-Based Data StoresErasure codes have been widely used over the last decade to implement reliable data stores. They offer interesting trade-offs between efficiency, reliability, and storage overhead. Indeed, a distributed data store holding encoded data blocks can tolerate the failure of multiple nodes while requiring only a fraction of the space necessary for plain replication, albeit at an increased encoding and decoding cost. There exists nowadays a number of libraries implementing several variations of erasure codes, which notably differ in terms of complexity and implementation-specific optimizations. Seven years ago, Plank et al.  have conducted a comprehensive performance evaluation of open-source erasure coding libraries available at the time to compare their raw performance and measure the impact of different parameter configurations. In the present experimental study, we take a fresh perspective at the state of the art of erasure coding libraries. Not only do we cover a wider set of libraries running on modern hardware, but we also consider their efficiency when used in realistic settings for cloud-based storage, namely when deployed across several nodes in a data centre. Our measurements therefore account for the end-to-end costs of data accesses over several distributed nodes, including the encoding and decoding costs, and shed light on the performance one can expect from the various libraries when deployed in a real system. Our results reveal important differences in the efficiency of the different libraries, notably due to the type of coding algorithm and the use of hardware-specific optimizations.
- PublicationAccès libreBlockchain-Based Metadata Protection for Archival Systems
- PublicationAccès libre
- PublicationAccès libreOn the Cost of Safe Storage for Public Clouds: an Experimental EvaluationCloud-based storage services such as Dropbox, Google Drive and OneDrive are increasingly popular for storing enterprise data, and they have already become the de facto choice for cloud-based backup of hundreds of millions of regular users. Drawn by the wide range of services they provide, no upfront costs and 24/7 availability across all personal devices, customers are well-aware of the benefits that these solutions can bring. However, most users tend to forget-or worse ignore-some of the main drawbacks of such cloud-based services, namely in terms of privacy. Data entrusted to these providers can be leaked by hackers, disclosed upon request from a governmental agency's subpoena, or even accessed directly by the storage providers (e.g., for commercial benefits). While there exist solutions to prevent or alleviate these problems, they typically require direct intervention from the clients, like encrypting their data before storing it, and reduce the benefits provided such as easily sharing data between users. This practical experience report studies a wide range of security mechanisms that can be used atop standard cloud-based storage services. We present the details of our evaluation testbed and discuss the design choices that have driven its implementation. We evaluate several state-of-the-art techniques with varying security guarantees responding to user-assigned security and privacy criteria. Our results reveal the various trade-offs of the different techniques by means of representative workloads on top of industry-grade storage services.
- PublicationAccès libreWorst-case, information and all-blocks locality in distributed storage systems: An explicit comparisonDistributed storage systems often use erasure coding techniques to provide reliability while decreasing the storage overhead required by replication. Due to the drawbacks of standard MDS erasure-correcting codes, numerous coding schemes recently proposed for distributed storage systems target other metrics such as repair locality and repair bandwidth. Unfortunately, these schemes are not always practical, and for most of them locality covers information data only. In this article, we compare three explicit linear codes for three types of locality: a Reed-Solomon code for worst-case locality, a recently proposed pyramid code for information locality and the Hamming code HAM, an optimal locally repairable code directly built from its generator matrix for all-blocks locality. We also provide an efficient way for repairing HAM and show that for the same level of storage overhead HAM provides faster encoding, faster repair and lower repair bandwidth than the other two solutions while requiring less than fifty lines of code.