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"How Transnational are Migrants in Switzerland? An Analysis of the Migration-Mobility-Transnationality Nexus"

Eric Crettaz & Janine Dahinden

Résumé Transnational studies have been in vogue for the past two decades. Nevertheless, there remain important knowledge gaps concerning migrants’ transnational formations. First, most of the literature relies on qualitative case studies. The few existing quantitative studies have shown that transnationality is far from being a “lifestyle” and that factors other than individual preferences are at play. Second, most studies in this field focus on one nationally defined group, which renders impossible the elaboration of an overall model of transnationality that goes beyond description. Third, few studies have tried to link the question of transnationality simultaneously to migration and mobility. To address these gaps, we propose here an analysis of migrant transnationality based on the Migration-Mobility Survey. We define transnationality along three dimensions. We make a distinction between transnational (pre-and-post-migration) mobilities, network transnationality and transnational belonging. We use regression models and multiple correspondence analysis to identify the prevalence of transnationality and the main determinants of transnational patterns. The analysis confirms the hypothesis that transnationality can be linear – an “automatic effect” of migration – resource-dependent, but also reactive upon discrimination. Migrant transnationality can simultaneously be a sign of possessing high resources – most importantly, in terms of legal capital, education and economic resources – or of discrimination. Furthermore, our analysis brings to light five ideal-typical configurations of what we call the Migration-Mobility-Transnationality Nexus. Our analysis contributes to this book by investigating the Migration-Mobility-Nexus with respect to transnationality, going beyond the normative ideas of migration and mobility by integrating them analytically into one model.
   
Mots-clés Transnationalism Social Relationship Networks Feeling of Attachment
   
Citation Crettaz, E., & Dahinden, J. (2019). "How Transnational are Migrants in Switzerland? An Analysis of the Migration-Mobility-Transnationality Nexus". In Migrants and Expats: The Swiss Migration and Mobility Nexus. (pp. 261-297). Cham: Springer.
   
Type Chapitre de livre (Anglais)
Année 2019
Titre du livre Migrants and Expats: The Swiss Migration and Mobility Nexus
Editeur commercial Springer (Cham)
Pages 261-297
Titre de la collection Imiscoe research series
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-05671...
Liée au projet Small Localities at the Outskirts of Europe: Transnationa...