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Knowledge and legitimacy in asylum decision-making: the politics of country of origin information

Jasper Van Der Kist & Damian Rosset

Résumé State institutions engage in the production of knowledge and representations about the countries of origin of asylum seekers. Building on science and technology studies (STS), critical migration studies and critical citizenship studies, this article analyzes the alignment of government Country of Origin Information (COI) with the public. We examine the different processes through which public legitimacy of asylum knowledge is fostered in three bureaucratic settings. The case studies highlight the variable legitimacy-constructing technologies and practices of publication (Norway), evaluation (United Kingdom) and consultation (European Union) vis-à-vis asylum-relevant information. We demonstrate how this shifting style in the knowledge-based governance of asylum does not consistently enhance legitimacy and stabilization of asylum-relevant information, and can provoke new forms of contestation in this environment of high-stakes policymaking. Finally, we highlight the lack of political subjectivity of asylum seekers to intervene in the production and possibly contest the legitimacy of this information about themselves and their country of origin.
   
Mots-clés knowledge production, legitimacy, political subjectivity, refugee status determination procedures, science and technology studies
   
Citation van der Kist Jasper / Rosset Damian, Knowledge and legitimacy in asylum decision-making: the politics of country of origin information, Citizenship Studies, vol. 24, no 5, 2020, p. 663-679.
   
Type Article de périodique (Anglais)
Date de publication 2020
Nom du périodique Citizenship Studies
Volume 24
Numéro 5
Pages 663-679
URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13621025.202...
Liée au projet Producing Knowledge and Legitimacy: Country of Origin Inf...