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Differential Discrimination against Mobile EU Citizens: Experimental Evidence from Bureaucratic Choice Settings

Christian Adam, Xavier Fernández-i-Marín, Oliver James, Anita Manatschal, Carolin Rapp & Eva Thomann

Résumé EU citizens have rights when living in a member state other than their own. Bureaucratic discrimination undermines the operation of these rights. We go beyond extant research on bureaucratic discrimination in two ways. First, we move beyond considering mobile EU citizens as homogenous immigrant minority to assess whether EU citizens from certain countries face greater discrimination than others. Second, we analyse whether discrimination patterns vary between the general population and public administrators regarding attributes triggering discrimination and whether accountability prevents discrimination. In a pre-registered design, we conduct a population-based conjoint experiment in Germany including a sub-sample of public administrators. We find that (1) Dutch and fluent German speakers are preferred, i.e. positively discriminated, over Romanians and EU citizens with broken language skills, that (2) our way of holding people accountable was ineffective, and that (3) in all these regards discriminatory behaviour of public administrators is similar to the general population.
   
Mots-clés Accountability; Conjoint experiment; Discrimination; EU citizenship; Street-level bureaucracy
   
Citation Adam, C., Fernández-i-Marín, X., James, O., Manatschal, A., Rapp, C., & Thomann, E. (2021). Differential Discrimination against Mobile EU Citizens: Experimental Evidence from Bureaucratic Choice Settings. Journal of European Public Policy, online view, 1-19.
   
Type Article de périodique (Anglais)
Date de publication 23-4-2021
Nom du périodique Journal of European Public Policy
Volume online view
Pages 1-19
URL https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2021.1912144
Liée au projet Overcoming Bureaucratic Discrimination Against Mobile EU ...