Identification of vertebrate volatiles stimulating olfactory receptors on tarsus I of the tick <i>Amblyomma variegatum</i> Fabricius (Ixodidae): II. Receptors outside the Haller’s organ capsule
Guerin, Patrick M.
Date de parution
Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology, Springer, 1994/174/1/39-47
Bovine odour excites olfactory receptor(s) in a wall-pore olfactory sensillum on the anterior pit of Haller's organ in <i>Amblyomma variegatum</i>. Gas chromatography-coupled electrophysiology recordings from this sensillum reveal the presence of 4 active compounds in bovine odour. The two strongest stimulants were identified as 2-nitrophenol and 4-methyl-2-nitrophenol by gas chromatography-coupled mass spectrometry, and by matching electrophysiological activity of synthetic analogues. Synthetic analogues of known vertebrate-associated volatiles also stimulate other olfactory receptors in sensilla on the surface of tarsus I: a lactone receptor responding to γ-valerolactone and 6-caprolactone; different fatty acid receptor types responding best to either pentanoic acid, 2-methylpropanoic acid or to butanoic acid; three receptors responding to NH<i>3</i>; and one receptor responding to 3-pentanone. Gas chromatography-coupled mass spectrometry analysis of vertebrate volatiles revealed presence of a number of these olfactory stimulants in concentrates of rabbit and steer odour, i.e. 2-methylpropanoic acid, butanoic acid, 3-methylbutanoic acid, pentanoic acid, and γ-valerolactone.
Type de publication
Resource Types::text::journal::journal article