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  • Publication
    Accès libre
    De Rotterdam: Exploring the Vertical City. International Seminar, CompleXdesign
    (2014-7-4) ;
    Brandaõ, Marta
    The issues raised by the massive urbanization of the territory, added of the current social and economic challenges, imply, in terms of sustainable development, the conception of planning strategies that become increasingly complex and that constantly merge subjects of architecture and urbanism. Amongst the possible solutions for the control of the territorial footprint is the one that envisions an integration of multiple functions - mobility, equipments, housing, and activities - within compact volumes of very large dimensions. Conceiving and constructing such enormous built structures, considering their density, dimensions, multi-functionality and large number of participants, represents a very complex challenge. Such complexity is triggered by three fundamental conditions: a) the functional solution - mixing multiple disparate programs; b) the scale and the consequent theoretical ambiguity of the object - a hybrid between architecture and urbanism; c) the complexity of the overall process, involving an endless number of actors. Several examples of complex projects at an intermediate level – between a city fragment and a building, and at the interface of real estate markets and urban development – demonstrate that, above a critical surface area of 100,000 m2, issues relating to energy, construction and conception change radically. The characteristics of these projects (scale, density, mixed-use) are such that they transcend the usual legal categories, require a combination of public and private financing, cross the border line between urban planning and construction permits, involving the adaptation of the cadastral plan to the functional organization, creating a clash between urban development regulations and laws protecting the natural and built heritage. The research group Complex Design gathers a multidisciplinary team of professionals from different fields, such as architecture, socio-economics and law. The global aim of this doctoral program is to study holistically the way in which realizing a complex project involves knowledge and practices that fall within the domains of architecture, socio-economics and law. To this end, three swiss universities have joined forces to develop a teaching module (TM) and three research modules (RMs) that are tightly interwoven and will explore the issue from various angles.