Voici les éléments 1 - 10 sur 67
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Why Wealth Matters More Than Income for Subjective Well-being?
    (Cham: Springer, 2019) ;
    The links between economic prosperity and subjective well-being was one of the first ones to be investigated, ever since the latter has been measured. For convenience and availability matters, income (what people earn) was mostly used at the individual level. It is only since recently that data about wealth (what people possess) is available and the links between wealth and SWB are studied since about a decade. These results show an unambiguous positive link between wealth and SWB. In most cases, wealth is more important than income from the perspective of SWB. Theoretical and empirical reasons are reviewed in this chapter.
  • Publication
    Accès libre
    Between Social Structure Inertia and Changing Biographies: Trajectories of Material Deprivation in Switzerland
    (Cham, Switzerland: SpringerOpen, 2018) ; ; ;
    In contemporary societies, attaining a decent standard of living which allows people to lead a socially integrated life is a key issue for human rights and social policy. In a context in which social structures are more porous yet still quite powerful, the risk of poverty is influenced both by the inertia of these structural determinants and by uncertain life events. This contribution analyzes trajectories of material deprivation in Switzerland from 1999 to 2013 using data from the Swiss Household Panel. We describe the trajectories the households experienced and test the impact of various determinants of these trajectories. We challenge the robustness of previous results by developing innovative measures of the determinants by gathering information at the household level and by taking into account changes in the situation of the households over time. Our findings suggest that some of the claims that have been made regarding the individualization of social inequalities and the decline of social class are not confirmed empirically, and that the classical determinants of social inequalities remain powerful predictors. Sure enough, critical life events can have an impact; however, the scale of this impact is nowhere near as great as the effect of ‘classical’ poverty factors.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Explaining the Decline in Subjective Well-Being Over Time in Panel Data
    (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017) ; ;
    This volume analyses the quantification of the effect of factors measuring subjective well-being, and in particular on the metrics applied. With happiness studies flourishing over the last decades, both in number of publications as well as in their exposure, researchers working in this field are aware of potential weaknesses and pitfalls of these metrics. Contributors to this volume reflect on different factors influencing quantification, such as scale size, wording, language, biases, and cultural comparability in order to raise awareness on the tools and on their conditions of use. In the contribution, we examine to what extent the decline in SWB in longitudinal data is a robust result showing an actual decrease or reflect some specific methodological artefacts of these data. We identified more precisely four possible methodological issues: non-random attrition (NRA), panel conditioning (PC), sample refreshment and aging of participants. We discuss the effect of these methodological issues on the measured evolution of SWB, that shows a different trend once these issues are neutralized.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Sociological Perspectives on Poverty
    (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017) ; ; ;
    Odell Korgen, Kathleen
    Poverty, the social question of the 19th century, is still one of the most pressing global issues both in the economically advanced, affluent societies of the global North and in the developing countries of the global South. Since the emergence of social problems and deviance as sociological concepts and fields of study in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, poverty has been a focus of concern. Other social phenomena labeled as social problems or forms of deviance (like violence, crime, alcoholism and drug addiction, divorce, family breakdown, suicide) are often considered to be directly linked to, and caused by, poverty. As with other phenomena treated as social problems, research on poverty has typically been applied and policy-oriented, i.e., pragmatic and solution-driven, often related to reform efforts and social policy measures. The diverse sociological perspectives on poverty, therefore, have emerged in specific national, regional and global policy contexts. Furthermore, poverty research often has a strong empirical focus, which is demonstrated by the fact that some of the first comprehensive sociological surveys dealt with poverty issues. Theoretically, diverse approaches have been developed to address poverty, and there is no consensus on the exact definition and conceptualization of poverty. Poverty research, finally, is a field of interdisciplinary research. Sociological perspectives on poverty, therefore, have emerged from a discourse among scholars of sociology, social work, economics and political science. Based on these considerations, the chapter is organized as follows: The first section presents the pioneers of classical sociological poverty research. The second section deals with the different poverty concepts and measurement debates that emerged during the early postwar period of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s. The third section focuses on the issue of poverty policy. The fourth section looks at contemporary sociological perspectives on poverty in the era of globalization. Finally, the last section summarizes the main trends in sociological poverty analysis over the past decades and points to the challenges for future research.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Considering the various data sources, survey types and indicators: To what extent do conclusions regarding changing income inequality in Switzerland since the early 1990s converge?
    (Zürich: Seismo, 2016) ; ; ; ; ;
    Franzen, Axel
    ;
    Jann, Ben
    ;
    Joppke, Christian
    ;
    Widmer, Eric
    We compared time series of eight different data sources (HBS, SLFS, SESS, SHP, SILC, SHS, SPS, tax data) and calculated various inequality measures (Gini coefficient, Atkinson coefficient, Theil’s T, MLD, SCV, p90/p10, p80/p20, p50/p10, p90/p50) for the period from 1990 to 2012. While the level of inequality varies strongly across surveys, the results concerning the evolution over time are rather coherent. For disposable household income, inequality has remained stable, but evolves parallel to the business cycle of the Swiss economy. For individual employment income, findings across datasets are less consistent.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Ségrégation ou intégration ? L’intensité de la ségrégation sur le marché du travail neuchâtelois, romand et suisse et ses changements depuis les années 1990
    (Le Locle: Editions G d'Encre, 2016) ;
    A travers plusieurs comparaisons entre différents groupes de la population (Suisses et non-Suisses, hommes et femmes, jeunes et matures), cette contribution vise à évaluer l’intensité de la ségrégation sur le marché du travail au niveau cantonal, régional et national. Les résultats mettent en évidence les transformations sur le marché du travail neuchâtelois dans une perspective interrégionale en lien avec les changements des inégalités sociales et économiques.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Debt
    (Dordrecht/Heidelberg/New York/ London: Springer, 2014) ;
    Michalos, Alex C.
  • Publication
    Métadonnées seulement
    Public Dept
    (Dordrecht/Heidelberg/New York/ London: Springer, 2014)
    Michalos, Alex C.
    ;