Le crépuscule des lieux communs ou les stéréotypes entre consensus, certitude et doute
1997, Oesch-Serra, Cecilia, Py, Bernard
This paper analyses the social representations, through their verbal expression, of the immigrant's discourse from «Abruzzi» (in Italy), still living in Neuchâtel or being back to their country of birth. Two aspects have been particularly studied: on the one hand a best knowledge of the immigrant's daily culture and on the other hand, the stereotypes undertaking's process by the speakers themselves.This study, based on transcriptions of non-structured interviews allows to sketch a typology of the enunciative relations between speakers and stereotypes, between the immediate adherence to stereoptypes and their total or partial opposition.
L'apprenant, le chercheur et les discours: quelques réflexions sur la notion de saillance
2004, Py, Bernard
The learner is exposed to second language through discourses. Due to their relative impenetrableness, the learner must choose selection fragments in order to initiate some sort of interpretation, or even participation, as limited as it may be, in a communication activity. This selection unfolds as a focus on the most salient fragments of the speech, which hence become inputs. The definition of saliency is a highly complex process based on objective and subjective criteria, which we are trying to detail in our article. To what extent do these inputs coincide with the data investigators use in order to understand the learning process? A discussion on this matter is used as the framework for this study on saliency.