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- PublicationMétadonnées seulementApodemus species mice are reservoir hosts of Borrelia garinii OspA serotype 4 in Switzerland(2002)
;Hügli, Delphine ;Hu, Chang Min ;Humair, Pierre-François ;Wilske, BettinaAmong Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato isolates, seven outer surface protein A (OspA) serotypes have been described: serotypes 1 and 2 correspond to B. burgdorferi sensu stricto and Borrelia afzelii, respectively, and serotypes 3 to 7 correspond to Borrelia garinii. In Europe, serotype 4 has never been isolated from Ixodes ricinus ticks until recently, although this serotype has been frequently isolated from cerebrospinal fluid from patients. In Europe, B. afzelii and B. burgdorferi sensu stricto were found associated with rodents and B. garinii was found associated with birds. In this study, the reservoir role of Apodemus mice for B. garinii OspA serotype 4 was demonstrated by xenodiagnosis. Apodemus mice are the first identified reservoir hosts for B. garinii OspA serotype 4.
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementApodemus sp. rodents, reservoir hosts for Borrelia afzelii in an endemic area in Switzerland(1997)
;Hu, Chang Min ;Humair, Pierre-François ;Wallich, ReinhardBorrelia burgdorferi is maintained in nature in transmission cycles alternatively involving ticks and reservoir hosts. Small rodents like Apodemus mice and Clethrionomys voles are the primary reservoir of Lyme disease in Europe. In this study, we analyzed by SDS-PAGE and Western blot 20 borrelial isolates from xenodiagnostic ticks fed on four Apodemus sp. mice captured in the Staatswald forest (Switzerland). All isolates but one showed a homogeneous protein pattern expressing an outer surface protein, (Osp) A of 32 kDa and an OspB of 35 kDa and reacted with monoclonal antibody (mAb) I 17.3 specific for B. afzelii. One isolate expressed an OspA of 32.5 kDa and an OspB of 35 kDa and did not react with species-specific mAbs I 17.3, D6 and H3TS, but was shown to belong to B., afzelii by Southern blot analysis. The possibility exists that non-cultivatable borreliae are present in xenodiagnostic ticks. However, our results clearly show that Apodemus sp. are reservoir hosts for B. afzelii, since this genospecies is transmitted from Apodemus sp. to feeding larval ticks.
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementImmunization with a polyvalent OspA vaccine protects mice against Ixodes ricinus tick bites infected by Borrelia burgdorferi ss, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii(1997)
; ;Hu, Chang Min ;Voet, Pierre ;Hauser, PierreLobet, YvesSequence variability of the outer surface protein (Osp) A among Borrelia burgdorferi sl species suggests that a monovalent OspA vaccine may not protect against the various Borrelia present in Eurasia. Here, we confirmed that a monovalent recombinant OspA (rOspA) vaccine noes not protect mice against Ixodes ricinus mediated infection with B. burgdorferi ss, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii. However when mice were vaccinated with a cocktail of various rOspA from these three species, they were protected, and all challenge ricks that fed on them were cleared of their spirochetes. These results showed that a multiple OspA antigens vaccine, compatible with human use, was very efficient at protecting mice against B. burgdorferi ss, B. garinii and B. afzelii. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementTransmission of Borrelia garinii OspA serotype 4 to BALB/c mice by Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in the field(2001)
;Hu, Chang Min ;Wilske, Bettina ;Fingerle, Volker ;Lobet, YvesIn Europe, Borrelia garinii OspA serotype 4 has been isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid of patients but, up to now, has never been identified among culture isolates from Ixodes ricinus ticks. This information raises the question of whether OspA serotype 4 is transmitted by I. ricinus in nature. In the present study, L ricinus nymphs collected in an area of endemicity in southern Germany were allowed to feed on mice. Cultivation of ear biopsy specimens showed that six of seven B. garinii-infected mice were infected by OspA serotype 4. In contrast, very few B. garinii OspA serotype 4 organisms were isolated directly from the ticks which infected the mice; most isolates were B. afzelii. The infected mice transmitted mainly OspA serotype 4 to xenodiagnostic ticks, preferentially in combination with B. afzelii.