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- PublicationMétadonnées seulementBorrelia burgdorferi persists in the brain in chronic lyme neuroborreliosis and may be associated with Alzheimer disease(2004)
;Miklossy, Judith ;Khalili, Kamel ; ;Ericson, Rebecca L ;Darekar, Pushpa ;Bolle, Lorie ;Hurlimann, JeanPaster, Bruce JThe cause, or causes, of the vast majority of Alzheimer's disease cases are unknown. A number of contributing factors have been postulated, including infection. It has long been known that the spirochete Teponema pallidum, which is the infective agent for syphilis, can in its late stages cause dementia, chronic inflammation, cortical atrophy and amyloid deposition. Spirochetes of unidentified types and strains have previously been observed in the blood, CSF and brain of 14 AD patients tested and absent in 13 controls. In three of these AD cases spirochetes were grown in a medium selective for Borrelia burgdorferi. In the present study, the phylogenetic analysis of these spirochetes was made. Positive identification of the agent as Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto was based on genetic and molecular analyses. Borrelia antigens and genes were co-localized with beta-amyloid deposits in these AD cases. The data indicate that Borrelia burgdorferi may persist in the brain and be associated with amyloid plaques in AD. They suggest that these spirochetes, perhaps in an analogous fashion to Treponema pallidum, may contribute to dementia, cortical atrophy and amyloid deposition. Further in vitro and in vivo studies may bring more insight into the potential role of spirochetes in AD.
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementEcologie de la borréliose de Lyme et facteurs d’émergence(Bruxelles: De Boeck, 2010)
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementLongitudinal study of Lyme borreliosis in a high risk population in SwitzerlandOrienteers from all parts of Switzerland (n = 416) were included in a longitudinal study for lyme borreliosis. In spring 1986, the seroprevalence was 28.1 %. At the beginning of the study, 84.3 % of orienteers reported a history of tick bite, and 3.8 % reported a past history of lyme borreliosis. During the first (spring 1986-autumn 1986), second (autumn 1986-spring 1987) and third (spring 1987-autumn 1987) period, rates of seroconversion were 0.6 % 2.7 % and 2.1 % respectively. During the first and second period, clinical incidence were 1.0 % and 0.25 % respectively. No active lyme borreliosis was detected during the third period. Among orienteers who seroconverted during the study (n = 16), only two developed clinical symptoms. Hence, Borrelia burgdorferi infection is often asymptomatic.
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementQuantitative analysis of Borrelia burgdorferi gene expression in naturally (tick) infected mouse strains(2005)
;Lederer, Sharon ;Brenner, Christiane ;Stehle, Thomas ; ;Wallich, ReinhardSimon, Markus MAdaptation of Borrelia burgdorferi in the vector and vertebrate host is mediated by mechanisms that regulate differential expression of outer surface lipoproteins (Osps). In this study, real time PCR was applied to quantify tissue-specific expression of four linear plasmid (lp54)-encoded (ospA, zs7.a36, zs7.a66 zs7.a68) and one circular plasmid (cp26)-encoded (ospC) gene from B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in a natural setting of tick-infected immunodeficient (C.B-17 SCID) and immunocompetent (BALB/c and AKR/OlaHsd) mice for up to 120 days post-infection (p.i.). Early during infection (day 30 p.i.) high numbers of spirochetes were found in the heart and joint, but not the ear and spleen tissues of disease-susceptible SCID mice. In disease-susceptible AKR mice spirochetes colonized the ear and joint tissues, but were undetectable in tissues of disease-resistant BALB/c mice. Later in infection (day 120 p.i.), spirochetes had expanded (similar to1,000-fold) in all SCID tissues tested but were undetectable in AKR and BALB/c mice. Of the five genes analyzed, only zs7.a36 transcripts were detected in various tissues of all infected mouse strains, though at differing levels, whereas ospC transcripts were only found in tissue specimens of SCID mice. Furthermore, gene expression of ospC and zs7.a36 appears to be differentially regulated in distinct organs of individual mice. In contrast, transcripts for ospA, zs7.a66, and zs7.a68 were not detected in any of the mouse strains, independent of their immune status and/or the severity of their infection/inflammatory responses. Late during infection (day 120 p.i.), transcription of zs7.a36 and ospC was down-regulated in the tissues of SCID mice despite expansion of spirochetes. This type of quantitative analysis may be helpful to further disclose principles of pathogenesis of Lyme borreliosis and to design strategies for its therapeutic treatment.
- PublicationAccès libreDeteccion molecular de patogenos emergentes de importancia medica y veterinaria en garrapatas capturadas sobre caballos domesticos
- PublicationAccès libreEarly detection of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infection in Balb/c mice by co-feeding Ixodes ricinus ticks(2003)
;Hu, Chang Min ;Cheminade, Yves ;Perret, Jean-Luc ;Weynants, Vincent ;Lobet, YvesIn Europe, Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted by Ixodes ricinus to animals and human. When infected and uninfected ticks co-feed on a host, spirochetes are transmitted from ticks to animal and also to uninfected ticks. Here, we used uninfected ticks to co-feed with infected ticks on mice to evaluate this method to detect early infection in mice. A total of 128 mice were challenged by infected nymphs placed in capsules glued on the back of the mice. Three days later uninfected larvae were added in the capsule to co-feed with infected nymphs and were examined for Borrelia infection after natural detachment. Infection in mice was also determined by xenodiagnosis and by spirochete isolation from ear skin biopsy and back skin biopsy taken at the tick attachment site one month after infection. A total of 111 mice were found to be infected by at least one of these four methods. Borrelia infection was observed in 95% of mice by the co-feeding method, in 92% of mice by xenodiagnosis, in 69% and in 68% of mice by cultivation of ear and back skin biopsies, respectively. Our results demonstrate that the co-feeding method is a very sensitive method which can be used to detect very early infection in mice infected by tick bites.
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementPrevalence and phylogenetic analysis of tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) in field-collected ticks (Ixodes ricinus) in southern Switzerland
- PublicationMétadonnées seulementFirst isolation of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from Ixodes ricinus ticks in Morocco(2003)
;Sarih, M'Hammed ;Jouda, Fatima ;Postic, DanièleTo determine the infection rate of Ixodes ricinus (I. ricinus) ticks with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (B. burgdorferi sl) and to assess the frequency of the individual Borrelia species in this tick species, a total of 295 I. ricinus were collected in Taza region (Northeast of Morocco), from January to June 2002. The presence of B. burgdorferi A was determined by direct fluorescence antibody assay (DFA) and by PCR after culture. B. burgdorferi sl isolates were identified at the species level by restriction fragment length polymorphism. analysis of amplified products. The mean rate of I. ricinus infection with B. burgdorferi sl was 47.8%. Isolation attempts in BSK II medium resulted in 26 pure isolates. However, PCR performed on culture medium allowed to identify 82 Borrelia DNAs. B. lusitaniae has been identified from 76 out of 82 infected I. ricinus ticks (92.7%). Three ticks were infected by B. burgdorferi ss, and three other ticks were infected by B. garinii. This is the first report of the presence of B. burgdorferi A in Morocco and more specifically of B. burgdorferi ss in North Africa.