Login
The circulation of people. A critical discussion on the impact of glacier shrinkage upon population mobility in the bolivian andes
Résumé This article examines the role of glacial retreat on people migration in the Bolivian Andes. In the Andean region, glacial retreat is one of the most noticeable effects of global warming. Significant acceleration in glacial melting has been observed since the 1980s and glacial runoff is vital to the region, supporting local ecosystems as well as providing water for drinking, irrigation and energy production. In academic literature, international medias and NGO reports it is often assumed that these impacts are severely affecting the livelihood of the local population who may be forced to migrate. Based upon a literature review and a case study in the Bolivian Andes, this paper brings a critical discussion on this assumption. The confrontation of two bodies of academic literature, the first on migration and climate change and the second on glacial retreat impacts allows the conceptualisation of some mechanisms to understand how the impact of glacial retreat may be considered as migration drivers. These mechanisms are then illustrated and discussed with a case study that brings empirical insights on mobility patterns of rural communities living on the edge of a retreating glacier.
   
Mots-clés Migration ; climate change ; glacier ; glacial retreat ; Andes ; mountain ; Bolivia
   
Citation Kaenzig, R. (2013). The circulation of people. A critical discussion on the impact of glacier shrinkage upon population mobility in the bolivian andes. Unpublished Working Paper. MAPS - Maison d'Analyse des Processus Sociaux.
   
Type Working paper (Anglais)
Année 2013
Type de travail Working Paper
Département Institut de Géographie
Institution MAPS - Maison d'Analyse des Processus Sociaux (Neuchatel)
Nombre de pages 29
URL http://doc.rero.ch/record/32380
Liée au projet CliMig