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SPINET: A Parallel Computing Approach to Spine Simulations

Peter Kropf, Edgar F. A. Lederer, Thomas Steffen, Karl Guggisberg, Jean-Guy Schneider & Peter Schwab

Résumé Research in scientitic programming enables us to realize more and more complex applications, and on the other hand, application-driven demands on computing methods and power are continuously growing. Therefore, interdisciplinary approaches become more widely used. The interdisciplinary SPINET project presented in this article applies modern scientific computing tools to biomechanical simulations: parallel computing and symbolic and modern functional programming. The target application is the human spine. Simulations of the spine help us to investigate and better understand the mechanisms of back pain and spinal injury. Two approaches have been used: the first uses the finite element method for high-performance simulations of static biomechanical models, and the second generates a simulation developmenttool for experimenting with different dynamic models. A finite element program for static analysis has been parallelized for the MUSIC machine. To solve the sparse system of linear equations, a conjugate gradient solver (iterative method) and a frontal solver (direct method) have been implemented. The preprocessor required for the frontal solver is written in the modern functional programming language SML, the solver itself in C, thus exploiting the characteristic advantages of both functional and imperative programming. The speedup analysis of both solvers show very satisfactory results for this irregular problem. A mixed symbolic-numeric environment for rigid body system simulations is presented. It automatically generates C code from a problem specification expressed by the Lagrange formalism using Maple.
   
Mots-clés
   
Citation P. Kropf, et al., "SPINET: A Parallel Computing Approach to Spine Simulations," Scientific Programming, vol. 5, p. 15-24, Jan. 1996.
   
Type Article de périodique (Anglais)
Date de publication 22-1-1996
Nom du périodique Scientific Programming
Volume 5
Numéro 1
Pages 15-24
URL http://content.iospress.com/articles/scientific-programmi...