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African Great Apes Are Naturally Infected with Polyomaviruses Closely Related to Merkel Cell Polyomavirus

Fabian H. Leendertz, Nelly Scuda, Kenneth N. Cameron, Tonny Kidega, Klaus Zuberbühler, Siv Aina J. Leendertz, Emmanuel Couacy-Hymann, Christophe Boesch, Sebastien Calvignac & Bernhard Ehlers

Résumé The oncogenic Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infects humans worldwide, but little is known about the occurrence of viruses related to MCPyV in the closest phylogenetic relatives of humans, great apes. We analyzed samples from 30 wild chimpanzees and one captive gorilla and identified two new groups of polyomaviruses (PyVs). These new viruses are by far the closest relatives to MCPyV described to date, providing the first evidence of the natural occurrence of PyVs related to MCPyV in wild great apes. Similar to MCPyV, the prevalence of these viruses is relatively high (>30%). This, together with the fact that humans in West and Central Africa frequently hunt and butcher primates, may point toward further MCPyV-like strains spreading to, or already existing in, our species.
   
Citation Leendertz, F. H., Scuda, N., Cameron, K. N., Kidega, T., Zuberbühler, K., Leendertz, S. A. J., Couacy-Hymann, E., Boesch, C., Calvignac, S., & Ehlers, B. (2011). African Great Apes Are Naturally Infected with Polyomaviruses Closely Related to Merkel Cell Polyomavirus. Journal of Virology, 85(2), 916-924.
   
Type Article de périodique (Anglais)
Date de publication 2011
Nom du périodique Journal of Virology
Volume 85
Numéro 2
Pages 916-924