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Production of food-associated calls in wild male chimpanzees is dependent on the composition of the audience

Katie Elizabeth Slocombe, Tanja Kaller, Laurel Turman, Simon William Townsend, Sarah Papworth, Paul Squibbs & Klaus Zuberbühler

Résumé Chimpanzees produce acoustically distinct calls when encountering food. Previous research on a number of species has indicated that food-associated calls are relatively widespread in animal communication, and the production of these calls can be influenced by both ecological and social factors. Here, we investigate the factors influencing the production of food-associated calls in wild chimpanzees and examine whether male chimpanzees produce food-associated calls selectively in the presence of important social partners. Male chimpanzees form stable long-term social relationships with each other, and these social bonds are vital in enabling a range of cooperative activities, such as group hunting and territory defence. Our data show that males were significantly more likely to produce food-associated calls if an important social partner was nearby, regardless of the size of the audience or the presence of oestrus females. Call production was also mediated by the size of the food patch and by whether or not the food could be monopolised. The presence of important social partners explained most of the variation in male calling behaviour, indicating that food-associated calls are socially directed and serve a bonding function.
   
Citation Slocombe, K. E., Kaller, T., Turman, L., Townsend, S. W., Papworth, S., Squibbs, P., & Zuberbühler, K. (2010). Production of food-associated calls in wild male chimpanzees is dependent on the composition of the audience. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 64(12), 1959-1966.
   
Type Article de périodique (Anglais)
Date de publication 2010
Nom du périodique Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Volume 64
Numéro 12
Pages 1959-1966