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Les degrés de grammaticalisation du groupe préposition + quoi anaphorique
Résumé The authors study the proform quoi when it is anaphoric of a predicative phrase (Il déjeuna. Après quoi il partit). In this structure, this proform loses several properties – what shows a grammaticalisation in progress. The authors make the assumption that quoi functions as a relative pronoun or an indefinite pronoun without value of subordination. Five groups emerge : In the first one, the demonstrative ce is essential as antecedent to the pronoun quoi, with a predicative value (Ce à quoi il parvint). In the second one, ce is optional (Ce en quoi il a raison / Ce à quoi elle répliqua que P) ; it can have a predicative value with the preposition en but not with the preposition à. In the third and the fourth groups, ce is impossible : in the third group, the group prep. + quoi (à quoi) assumes an argumentative function whereas in the fourth group, the group prep. + quoi (après quoi) is an adverbial phrase. At last, in the fifth group, quoi can be analysed as an indefinite pronoun : the utterances it introduces accept a different modality from the previous sentence, i.e. the interrogative modality.
   
Mots-clés
   
Citation Rossari, C. (2008). Les degrés de grammaticalisation du groupe préposition + quoi anaphorique. Langue française, 158, 86-102.
   
Type Article de périodique (Français)
Date de publication 2-2008
Nom du périodique Langue française
Volume 158
Pages 86-102
URL http://www.cairn.info/revue-langue-francaise-2008-2-page-...