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Between Social Structure Inertia and Changing Biographies: Trajectories of Material Deprivation in Switzerland

Pascale Gazareth, Katia Iglesias, Eric Crettaz & Christian Suter

Résumé In contemporary societies, attaining a decent standard of living which allows people to lead a socially integrated life is a key issue for human rights and social policy. In a context in which social structures are more porous yet still quite powerful, the risk of poverty is influenced both by the inertia of these structural determinants and by uncertain life events.

This contribution analyzes trajectories of material deprivation in Switzerland from 1999 to 2013 using data from the Swiss Household Panel. We describe the trajectories the households experienced and test the impact of various determinants of these trajectories. We challenge the robustness of previous results by developing innovative measures of the determinants by gathering information at the household level and by taking into account changes in the situation of the households over time. Our findings suggest that some of the claims that have been made regarding the individualization of social inequalities and the decline of social class are not confirmed empirically, and that the classical determinants of social inequalities remain powerful predictors. Sure enough, critical life events can have an impact; however, the scale of this impact is nowhere near as great as the effect of ‘classical’ poverty factors.
   
Mots-clés Poverty dynamics, Material deprivation, Social change, Longitudinal analyses, Social inequality, Switzerland
Pauvreté, privation matérielle, changement social, analyses longitudinales, inégalités sociales, Suisse
   
Citation Gazareth, P., Iglesias, K., Crettaz, E., & Suter, C. (2018). Between Social Structure Inertia and Changing Biographies: Trajectories of Material Deprivation in Switzerland. In Social Dynamicy in Swiss Society. Empirical Studies Based on the Swiss Household Panel. (Vol. 9, pp. 113-128). Cham, Switzerland: SpringerOpen.
   
Type Chapitre de livre (Anglais)
Année 2018
Titre du livre Social Dynamicy in Swiss Society. Empirical Studies Based on the Swiss Household Panel
Editeur commercial SpringerOpen (Cham, Switzerland)
Volume 9
Pages 113-128
Titre de la collection Life Course Research and Social Policies
URL https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-89557...