Characterization of wheat blast resistance: Using the Swiss Wheat Genbank to contribute to a sustainable solution of a global food security issue
Responsable du projet Daniel Croll
Résumé For the past decade, a new fungal wheat disease called wheat blast is causing severe yield losses across South America. In March 2016, the disease was introduced to Bangladesh where 15,000 hectares of wheat were affected. The spread across continents made the disease a global concern and demonstrated how international trade can cause severe quarantine issues. In this project, we will systematically screen the Swiss Wheat Genbank for resistance to wheat blast and introduce resistance loci into Swiss wheat cultivars. We will also screen pathogen populations to identify the genetic basis of pathogenicity. In combination, resistant wheat cultivars and pathogen monitoring will prepare Switzerland for a potential outbreak of the disease.
Mots-clés Agriculture, fungal pathogens, wheat blast, GWAS, evolutionary, genetics, population genomics
Type de projet Recherche fondamentale
Domaine de recherche Biologie
Source de financement Office fédéral de l'agriculture
Etat En cours
Début de projet 1-4-2017
Fin du projet 31-3-2021
Budget alloué 249'917 CHF
Autre information Co-PIs: Daniel Croll (UNINE), Simon Krattinger (UZH), Bruce McDonald (ETH Zurich)
Contact Daniel Croll